White sugar transport
B/I/B/O is a complete sugar transport system. The movement of sugar, from production to market, is a significant element in its cost and any improvements in freight and handling have to be carefully evaluated.
B/I/B/O means less damage to bags
Manual, handling has always resulted in unavoidable damage to bags and substantial loss of sugar during shipment. The B/I/B/O system has solved this traditional problem. Sugar can now be transferred in bulk, from the factory of origin, directly onto the vessel at the loading port. It is shipped in bulk, then bagged by machine and transferred automatically to the quayside on arrival at the destination port. The bags are not manhandled until they reach the buyer’s transport facilities. With the reduction in journey time and far less risk of bag damage by manual handling during shipment, producers and buyers see improvements in storage life and fewer losses.
B/I/B/O avoids risk to cargo quality
When bagged sugar is transported long distances by traditional methods, there is always a risk that its quality will deteriorate. Often this is caused by temperature changes that can vary by as much as 50ºC between loading and unloading. Bags may also be affected by exposure to moisture from seawater during heavy weather and the sugar becomes caked and encrusted, leading to unnecessary wastage. The B/I/B/O sealed-hold system guarantees a carefully controlled atmosphere – temperature and humidity – for the bulk cargo, avoiding the danger of seawater entry and sugar deterioration.
B/I/B/O solves discharge problems
Conventional shipping methods cannot offer the best cargo protection for either producers or buyers at the port of delivery. Sugar that has been shipped in bags is once again subjected to the risk of damage through poor manual handling. Its quality is more difficult to guarantee and the risk of pilferage is greater. These factors all contribute to cargo losses and increase the hidden costs of sugar transportation.
B/I/B/O is able to avoid these problems by its superb cargo control at sea and the extremely high level of care and supervision of the shipment at the quayside. Every bag is discharged immediately after packing, in perfect condition and with the absolute minimum of handling. Bulk discharge gives even greater protection for the large scale buyer.
B/I/B/O reduces insurance costs
B/I/B/O guarantees excellent shipping conditions for sugar by minimising the risks. This is recognised by leading insurance underwriters and brokers on the London market, who offer lower rates for buyers using the B/I/B/O system. There have always been major insurance problems for the freighting of sugar and ED&F Man’s experience is that the majority of bagged sugar cargoes lead to claims and inevitably higher premium levels. Although it is possible to claim for damage to cargo, deterioration is an uninsurable risk.
Although B/I/B/O has revolutionised sugar delivery, basic documentation and payment procedures remain virtually unchanged and normally consist of:
– Bill of Lading
– Certificate of Origin -Supervision Certificate -Commercial Invoices
– Certificate of Insurance (as required).
Cleanliness and safety in B/I/B/O ships
B/I/B/O system vessels are built to the highest possible international standards so that the transported sugar arrives at its destination free from infestation or contamination, and with no deterioration in quality. The same high standards are also applied to the working practices and safety of our crews, ensuring that every B/I/B/O shipment is completed with the minimum risk to cargo and personnel. Our systems are kept under constant review to take advantage of new technology and to comply fully with any changes in operational legislation.
Protecting your cargo
Sugar discharged from B/I/B/O Refined Sugar Carriers is intended for direct human consumption. At no stage of handling can we risk the contamination of your cargo and every possible precaution is taken to prevent this happening.
No human contact is ever made with the sugar and insect entry or other infestation is prevented by careful attention to detail. All air intakes, outlets and vents for cargo and controlled areas are protected with insect screens. The air is further filtered before passing into the conditioning units to eliminate all airborne contaminants. Additional precautions that we take during the critical loading phase guarantee ideal temperature and humidity levels in the holds well before the sugar is taken on board. Our systems are kept under constant review to take advantage of new technology and to comply fully with any changes in operational legislation. Buyers can expect a good average crystal size in their sugar on arrival, due to the unique design and operation of the B/I/B/O system. Every cargo is screened to remove any lumps before bagging takes place. Also, your sugar is never allowed to fall more than two metres during transfer and it only falls onto sugar. These precautions minimise sugar dust generation. Any dust that is produced during on-board handling is extracted under suction at each transfer point and separated by dedicated equipment. This effectively reduces the amount of airborne sugar dust within the system and provides a clear atmosphere. Smooth, sheer-sided structures are installed wherever possible to prevent sugar dust build-up.
Safeguarding our crews
Personnel training and prudent management are vitally important to the safety of B/I/B/O. Specially written operating and safety manuals are provided in compliance with the IMO [International Maritime Organisation] requirement to provide such manuals under its International Safety Management [ISM] code. This in turn is part of a move towards the application of Quality Accreditation Standards to ISO 9002 within the sugar industry.
In line with good bulk handling practices for both liquid and solid materials, many safety precautions were installed at the design and construction of each B/I/B/O vessel. Specified safety procedures are implemented at every stage during their operation. All electrical motors, systems and fittings comply with the highest standard, being completely sealed and suited for use in potentially hazardous atmospheres.
Only authorised staff are allowed within the cargo handling areas. Smoking, matches, lighters, cameras, torches, watches and calculators are banned, together with any other electronic equipment not certified as safe for use there.
Special protective clothing, made of anti-static fibres, is worn by all staff members and stringent regulations are enforced to ensure safe and hygienic working practices with approved equipment.
After several years’ experience, we believe we are justified in claiming that the B/I/B/O system provides a major advance in sugar transportation conditions, particularly as regards cleanliness and quality. There is no other operator currently offering this technology, which is the only shipping system likely to be capable of meeting the rigorous requirements of the sugar industries of the 21st century.