Facts & Concept

Facts & Concept

B/I/B/O System facts and Advantages:

Complies with ISO 9002 requirements.

Delivers bagged sugar in clean, undamaged
bags, ensuring trouble-free storage.

Bulk loads 15,000 tonnes in 24 continuous working hours.

 • Minimises turnaround time in port.

Provides the highest level of out-turn quality.

 • Remains independent of shore cranage.

Delivers up to 5,000 tonnes per day in bags.

 • Reduces port and quayside congestion.
 • Delivers up to 15,000 tonnes per day in bulk.  • Facilitates forward planning through greater reliability.

Provides exact out-turn weights, permitting sale on a ‘guaranteed out-turn’ basis.

 • Reduces labour requirements in port.

Eliminates quayside handling losses
on discharge.

Provides an electronic onboard tally system. 


The Concept

B/I/B/O, the white sugar trading and transport system, became operational with its first vessel ‘CHL Innovator’, in August 1986. She was followed by the larger ‘CHL Progressor’ in 1992. As a result of the combined B/I/B/O expertise of ED&F Man and its partners, traders and customers now have access to highly sophisticated vessels which can cut costs and time.

The B/I/B/O system:

Bulk loads 650 tonnes per hour in all weathers.
 Transports 20,000 tonnes of cargo [CHL Innovator] or 40,000 tonnes [CHL Progressor].
Bulk discharges up to 750 tonnes per hour, where appropriate facilities exist.
Discharges bags at up to 250 tonnes per hour.
Keeps white sugar fully conditioned at sea.
Delivers out-turn quantity and quality to very fine tolerances in undamaged bags.

There are six stages in the B/I/B/O process:

  1. The sugar is loaded by means of bulk conveying systems in enclosed conditions from the refined sugar terminal to the ship’s holds.
  2. The holds are insulated and air-conditioned.
  3. At port of destination, the sugar is transferred from the holds to the onboard bagging plant.
  4. The sugar is accurately weighed into B/I/B/O bags- usually polythene-lined polypropylene bags.
  5. The filled bags are discharged direct from the ship’s conveyors to trucks, rail wagons or barges alongside the vessel (or into an adjacent quayside store, as required).
  6. Alternatively, sugar may be discharged in bulk to suitable storage facilities at up to 750 tonnes per hour.


The B/I/B/O vessels therefore incorporate a number of highly developed, hygienic features. These include:

Fully insulated holds.
Temperature and humidity controlled handling areas.
Smooth, food grade inner surfaces.
Extensive use of stainless steel.
High quality, food grade paint coatings.
Special ‘white’, food grade conveyor belting.
Centralised cleaning and dust extraction facilities.
Screening and metal detection.

Extensive insulation and air conditioning ensures that sugar remains unaffected by external weather and/or temperature conditions, creating an ideal balance between energy efficiency and safe cargo storage. Extensive experience has provided the operators with all the information needed to maintain these conditions in any circumstances.

The detailed technical specifications permit the operators to ensure that the prime objective is achieved – that sugar is delivered safely to the end user in the best possible condition.