BIBO Loading and discharging

BIBO Loading and discharging



Loading conditions
Sugar is normally loaded onto the B/I/B/O vessel at an average rate of 650 tonnes per hour. At each terminal, the loading facilities are designed to suit the requirements of the shippers and the vessel, and can be operated in all weathers and extremes of temperature and humidity.

Loading advantages
Rapid and predictable loading of the B/I/B/O ship permits much earlier notification of the time and date of its arrival at the discharge port. This advantage over traditional vessels enables the receiver to arrange immediate berthing, avoiding delays and minimising demurrage costs for the buyer.


Bulk discharge

  • Operating at a rate between 300 and 700 tonnes per hour
  • Directly discharged into silo or bulk transfer mode (i.e. Silo Truck)

Bagged discharge

  •  50kg polypropylene bags
    • up to 5,000 tonnes per day
  • Big bags [1-1.25 tonnes]

BIBO bagged discharge advantages vs. conventional bagged discharge

  • The great advantage of the B/I/B/O concept can be clearly seen when the vessel arrives at discharge port. With conventional break bulk bagged cargoes, there are often delays caused by the opening and closing of hatches, gear failure, careless handling and frequent stoppages caused by poor weather conditions.
  • Limited amount of stevedores are required
  • B/I/B/O offers superior discharge rates – in ideal conditions, B/I/B/O discharges have been carried out at average rates of 5,000 tonnes per day, although somewhat lower rates are more usual.
  • B/I/B/O operates an accurate electronic tally system on board to ensure guaranteed outturn.

Discharge process

  • Truck/wagon loading machines [transported on the B/I/B/O vessel under cover] are lifted ashore and over side conveyors positioned to link them with the bagging system.
  • Each conveyor can be arranged according to the available shore facilities and to suit a variety of quayside layouts.
  • However, to ensure maximum efficiency and discharge rates, an open area of 50 x 40 meters with good access for trucks is required.

The machinery has been designed for maximum flexibility and will accommodate a range of movements caused by the tide, draught and other local factors.



Discharging the filled bags
After filling, the 50kg bags pass through the bag sewing machine. Then, controlled by the central automation system, they are carried by conveyors to the discharge points at deck level. Still under cover, they are automatically transferred on the conveyor system to the quayside truck/wagon loading machines. Each machine is manned by a B/I/B/O operator and two stevedores and the extending and traversing belts of the loader allow rapid stacking of the bags onto the flat bed trucks or rail wagons. The operator can, if necessary, stop the entire discharge conveyor system as far back as the bagging machines while another vehicle in maneuvered into position – or for safety purposes.

BIBO Discharge